Aleksey Grishin-almazov

Picture of Aleksey Grishin-almazov

Citizenship: Russia


Member of the First World War, commanded an artillery battalion lieutenant colonel, numbered among the "shock troops" or "parts of Death", free from the influence of the anti-war propaganda, in the headquarters of the 5th Siberian Rifle Corps, the battery commander in the 35th mortirnom division.

For the feat at the front, at the request of the soldiers he was awarded the George Cross. Colonel of the tsarist army (according to other sources, at the time of his dismissal from the army, the Bolsheviks, was a lieutenant colonel). Before the October Revolution of 1917 he did not accept participation in political life, after - was put in prison by the Bolsheviks at the army headquarters, and later, in November 1917, expelled by administrative order of the limits of the army in Siberia, dismissed. I share the ideas and program of the Socialist-Revolutionaries.

In the spring of 1918, taking the name of "Diamonds", masquerading artist, he began the fight against the Bolsheviks, leading the first anti-Bolshevik underground organization in Novonikolaevsk, then became chief of staff of the organizations of white Siberia to the west of Lake Baikal. Alleged leader of the general uprising of the Whites in Siberia.

At the end of May 1918 he seized power in Novonikolaevsk officer underground group and connected with the Czechoslovak troops Guides. The commander of the West Siberian Military District. On the issue of the Defense Ministry demanded combination of military department and the command, which was approved as opposed Gins project. The War Minister of the Provisional Siberian Government (GSP) and the commander of the Siberian Army (June - September 1918). He threw an apartment on the premises Garrison Assembly of Omsk. Produced by a major general. Ahead Komuch members in improving relations with the Ural regional government, having achieved an agreement with him on the recognition of the autonomy of the Urals, non-interference in its affairs Siberia readily assist against the Bolsheviks in exchange for recognition of the authority of the GSP.

Represented the GSP on the 1st meeting of Chelyabinsk July 15, 1918, members of Komuch acquainted with the prospects of association and get their suggestions on this aspect. Under his leadership, was defeated the Red Guard in Western Siberia, suppressed the strike on Anzherskaya mines in July 1918 and a military mutiny in the Altai captain Satunin in July - September 1918 Spent a very successful mobilization of the army, in spite of the interference from the SRs (a July - 37, 5 thousand people with 70 guns and 184 machine-guns, by September - 60 thousand people), almost no funds for this. At the same time, he spoke out against the forced mobilization and expressed, above all, for an early device rear, and then the armed forces. Cancellation of benefits July 31, 1918 on the appeal were born in 1898 and 1899. By making universal service.

He builds an army on the basis of strict discipline. He forbade the awards in the armed forces. Delivered August 17, 1918 for the tightening of discipline in the army. I. Mikhailov supported a group in conflict with the GSP Siberian Regional Duma (SOD). To attend meetings of the ODS. He advocated the creation of "all-Russian government", but with preservation of anthrax army. He played for the autocracy, but the conditions for its establishment in Siberia thought tactically inappropriate at that time. One of the founders and leaders of the Administrative Council (AC). Conducted independent line in the WWW, often ignoring the other ministers and the military, which caused many people, most of the SRs to his rejection. So, his conflict with Patushinskim began with ignoring Grishin-Almazov him to visit the invitation and went so far that the first could not endure even one type of the second, saying "Grishin-Almazov like not on a military and an actor or a journalist." While Grishin-Almazov did not care about the rapprochement with civil authorities, other than I. Mikhailova. Through perseverance Grishin-Almazov, demanded from the government a clear reaction to the attitude to the 1st World War, previously shied away from the relationship to the Brest peace and the continuation of the struggle against the German bloc countries, the GSP has acted on the side of the Entente. In this act of Vologda, Mikhailov, Kolosov saw manifestations of Bonapartism and decided by Grishin-Almazov get rid of. In addition, Vologda seemed that Grishin diamond does not show respect for him respect. Add to this the insistence on "whale eserovschiny" Western Siberia - Krol, Feldman Goldberg and by acting on the Vologda during meetings SOD secure his removal and did not hit his assumptions in the directory. This was largely because Grishin-Almazov made, from a military point of view, against the relocation of the capital of the White Siberian Tomsk. Faced with the reluctance on the part of "allies", especially the British, to assist anti-Bolshevik forces in Siberia, exposed them for it strongly criticized the inaction assistance of Russia, which played a major role, in his opinion, in the 1st World War. This happened in late August 1918 in Chelyabinsk at the conference of regional governments, the Czechoslovak National Council and the Allied missions, which was a question on creation of the All-Russian public authorities and the place of convening a meeting. Faced with a group of ministers GSP, which suppressed the Entente policy towards anti-Bolshevik forces. "Allies" were offended by him and demanded his resignation. At the Council of Ministers, he was accused of Bonapartism and striving to seize power in Siberia, insults "allies" and the other.

I Got Kudasheva on September 5, 1918 the wish to work with white, and on the same day dismissed, the place which was appointed Ivanov-Rinow. This person insisted ministerial group left, including Golovachev, Krutovsky, Patushinsky, Shatila, and Vologda. On the same day, gathered at his apartment members support Grishin-Almazov AU where urged them to fight against the Socialist-Revolutionaries and said that, in spite of his innocence and readiness of the army to support him, to drag it into conflict with the Council of Ministers will not be, as it can lead military units to degradation. At the same time, he was negotiating with one of the units of its support in the event of an exacerbation of the conflict between the AU and the Council of Ministers, which was known to the government. He refuses to recognize his resignation and the inauguration of the Ivanov-Rinow, citing the non-receipt of the decree on his dismissal and the issuance of the decree Ataman. I have to admit defeat because of the desire speaker, does not insist on its presence in the government, to preserve the unity of the white series with GSP.

Went 22 September 1918 to the south, in the Volunteer Army location area, to establish a link between the different representatives of the anti-Bolshevik forces and the creation of a "united front." At Jassy Conference November 30 - December 2, 1918 he gave a speech related to the armed struggle against the Bolsheviks in Siberia and contain a very sharp criticism of the GSP for his "revolutionary". On behalf of Denikin formed a new part for the Volunteer Army in Tavria.

From December 1918 to February 1919 on the orders of Denikin`s acting military governor of Odessa and the Odessa region commander troops. He resigned from the execution of this position during the landing of the French in Odessa, going to the headquarters of Denikin. General Denikinposlal it to Admiral Kolchak in April with important documents and letters.

Crossing the Caspian Sea, while on the passenger ship, accompanied by the British auxiliary cruiser "Kruger" at Fort Alexander`s, were seen Krasnoflotskaya destroyer "Karl Liebknecht", May 5, 1919 has to be shot, after destroying all the valuable documents, so as not to be captured, since British sailors threw Grishin-Almazov to fend for themselves, not taking the fight. There are versions according to which he was betrayed by one of his guards - the Caucasian highlanders, who allegedly told the Bolsheviks to withdraw Grishin-Almazov at sea. According to another version, he was killed, already being on the "Karl Liebknecht" one of the Bolsheviks.

GK Hins about Grishin-Almazov

Grishin-Almazov, still a young man, who went to war with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel, different mental clarity, accuracy and brevity of style. It is well said, without flowery and pathos, but with the temperament and conviction. Reports of his Council of Ministers were always successful. With his hand was not shown stubbornness and self-will, he was loyal to the government, but do not hide the fact that, representing a real force, it needs to be considered with it.

His tendency was very definite. He sought to create a nationwide government, but the preservation of the Siberian army. His sympathies were with the autocracy, but he considered tactically inopportune to dwell on this form of government. I did not know in Omsk military, which would suit more than Grishin, to manage the Ministry of War in a democratic cabinet.

The disadvantage Grishina was his self-confidence. He was convinced of the inability to compete with all the other its influence and value in military circles. He ignored the Ministers of the Siberian Government, forgetting that this can arm them against it, and really made enemies, for example, Patushinskogo exclusively on personal grounds, due neotdannogo visit. Even Vologda "grudge" against Grishin, who, as it seemed to him, provided the Council of Ministers Chairman of the lack of respect. All this arose solely because of the young general`s narcissism is not interested in how are surrounding him.

GK Hins. Siberia, Kolchak and allies. The turning point in Russian history. 1918-1920: Impressions and thoughts Omsk member of the Government. M + Kraft, 2007. p. 148-149.