Aleksandr Voejkov

Picture of Aleksandr Voejkov

Place of birth: Moscow

Citizenship: Russia


In the early years (1856 - 1858) traveled extensively in Western Europe and Asian Turkey (Syria and Palestine). In 1860 he entered the Physics and Mathematics Faculty of St. Petersburg University, but the following year he went abroad, where he attended courses at the universities of Berlin, Heidelberg and Gottingen; the latest University awarded the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (1865). Consisting since 1866 a member of the Imperial Russian Geographical Society, Voeikov began to take an active part in its work on behalf of society and went in 1869 - 1870. abroad to study the meteorological stations in Vienna, Milan, Paris, Brussels and London. In 1870 Voeikov (for the second time, the first time in 1868) toured the eastern Caucasus (Dagestan, Baku and Lankaran). Voeikov also took an active part in the work of the meteorological commission of the Imperial Russian Geographical Society, as its Secretary, processed observations of rain and thunderstorms network of the Commission for 1871. The next 5 years are devoted Voeikov a number of long journeys; in 1872 he traveled to Galicia, Bukovina, Romania, Hungary and Transylvania, where, among other things, engaged in research of black soil. In February 1873 Voeikov was already in New York and October this year made a big trip to the United States and Canada (St. Louis, New Orleans, through Texas, Colorado, Minnesota and lake areas to Quebec). Back in Washington, Voeikov until the spring of next year, at the suggestion of the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, the Institute supplemented undertaken an extensive publication entitled "Winds of the Globe" and wrote the text. The following year he traveled to Voeikov Yucatan, Mexico and South America, where he visited Lima, Lake Titicaca, Chile, Rio de Janeiro. Back in New York, there Voeikov finished his work for the book "Winds of the Globe" (1875) and then, after returning a short time in Russia, has taken on a new journey of Hindustan, the island of Java and Japan. The following years Voeikov dedicated to the development of materials of their travel and meteorological work. In 1882 he entered Voeikov lecturer at St. Petersburg University in the department of physical geography, in 1885 appointed extraordinary, in 1887 ordinary professor in the same department. Voeikov is (since 1883) Chairman of the Meteorological Committee of the Imperial Russian Geographical Society and was elected an honorary member of many Russian and foreign scientific societies. In 1892 - 1904 years. He was editor of the geography of the 82-volume "Encyclopedic Dictionary" Brockhaus and Efron. Among the numerous scientific works Voeikov except articles in the book of Professor Coffin`a "The Winds of the Globe" (Washington, 1876): "Climates of the world" (St. Petersburg, 1884; in German Jena, 1887); "Meteorology" (St. Petersburg, 1903 - 1904); "Meteorology for secondary schools" (St. Petersburg, 1891, 3rd edition, 1910); "The snow cover, its effect on the soil, climate and weather" ( "Notes of the Imperial Russian Geographical Society"); "The climate east Asia monsoon" (ibid, 1879); "The climate of Polesye" (St. Petersburg, 1899); "La variabilite de la pression atmospherique" ( "Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences", XIX, 1906); "Will the Pacific Ocean by the main trade of the globe" ( "Proceedings of the Geological Society", XL, 1904); "The distribution of the world`s population depends on natural conditions and human activities" (ibid, XLII, 1906); "Is climate fluctuation periodicity, and whether they are ubiquitous?" ( "Meteorological Bulletin", 1910); "Meteorology and Climatology of the South Polar Regions" ( "Notes of hydrography", XXXII, 1910); "Human food, its impact on endurance and the ability to work and according to the climate" ( "Journal of the Society of protection of public health", 1910); "The east coast of the Black Sea Climate" (SPb., 1899).