Date of Birth: 12/19/1773
Place of birth: Moscow
Member of the State Council of the Russian Empire. He enlisted in 1783 in the Corps of Pages. Since childhood, he had access to the court and was a confidant of the children to play the Grand Dukes Alexander and Constantine. Appointed Prosecutor of the 1st Department of the Senate in 1803, at the urging of Alexander I assumed the position of Chief Procurator of the Holy Synod. In 1810 he becomes, while maintaining the same positions, chief superintendent of foreign manifest one, in 1816 - the Minister of Education. From 1817 - Minister of the Joint Ministry of Religious Affairs and Public Education. With the dismissal of the chief prosecutor from 1824, only supreme commander of the postal department (which corresponded to the rank of Minister of Communications). A position he retained under Nicholas I. In 1810 was a member of the State Council.
He played a prominent role in the social character of institutions. He was president of the "Bible society", President of "Philanthropic Society" and took an active part in the organization of prisons welfare society.
If in his younger years was a typical freethinker Catherine`s era, with cheerful frivolity relating to religious matters and prefer to enjoy life social activity, soon in its sentiments have undergone profound changes. He is imbued with religious interests, which are gradually taking his mystical direction, and therefore dramatically change his lifestyle. A wide field of action open to him at the Joint Office of Religious Affairs and Public Education. Schooling head of the Ministry put in a close relationship with religious beliefs. Piety was intended to be the basis of true education. Looks A.N.Golitsyna affected his attitude to literature and the establishment of an extremely picky censorship.
Church and reactionary parties, especially in the person of Archimandrite Photius, referring to his nasty Orthodox mysticism, has made its elimination of the power structures. However, it remained a personal intimacy with Alexander I, and thanks to her, he even was devoted to the question of succession, kept in strict confidence.