Aleksandr Gilferding

Picture of Aleksandr Gilferding

Citizenship: Russia


Hilferding, Alexander Fedorovich - famous Slavic (1831 - 1872). He graduated from the course at Moscow University in History and Philology. According to the instructions of Khomyakov he began studying Sanskrit language and placed in 1853 in the "Proceedings of the II Division of the Academy of Sciences" article: "On the affinity of the Slavic language from Sanskrit". After receiving a master`s degree for his thesis: "On the Relationship Between Language Slavonic to other related", he published in "Moscow News" and "Russian Conversation", "Letters on the history of Serbia and Bulgaria" (in the "composition" of his, this work appeared in revised form); in "Moskvityanin" - "History of the Baltic Slavs" (continued in the "Archive" Kalachova; in the "Collected Works" was found in the manuscript placed further statement until the death of Henry III). In 1856, Hilferding was appointed consul in Bosnia, and then wrote a book: "Bosnia, Herzegovina and Old Serbia" (SPb., 1859) - a talented sketch of the past and present of these countries. In Bosnia, he initiated the collection of manuscripts, which filled up during a trip in the late 60-ies in Macedonia. This collection purchased KHLUDOV. In 1858, Hilferding published a brochure in French: "Les slaves occidentaux". When in 1863 at the head of the kingdom began to reform the Polish NA Milutin, Hilferding on the orders of his writing different projects, among other things, the project of transformation of public education agencies (printed in "Slavic Review", 1892). Near the articles in the "Day" and "Russian Invalid" Hilferding audience acquainted with the situation in the kingdom. Then there was his English anonymous pamphlet: "The Polish Question". In his later years, AF has been busy thinking about the extensive essay: "The history of the Slavs", the first chapter of which appeared in the "Journal of Europe"; it remained unfinished. When in 1867 formed the St. Petersburg branch of the Slavic Benevolent Committee, Hilferding soon became its chairman. However, he was Chairman of the ethnographic department of the Geographical Society. An important service Russian Ethnography was his trip to Olonets province to collect tales. The emergence of Rybnikov`s collection aroused some doubt. Hilferding decided personally believe the collection and collected in the field to 318 songs. "Onega epics" Hilferding -neotsenimy source for the study of Russian folk poetry: meticulous record collection is distinguished from all other Hilferding. The result of this trip was an article in its "News of Europe": "Olonets province and its people`s Rhapsody", which represents excellent characteristic edge and singers. In 1872 he resumed his journey, but caught a cold and died in Kargopol. As a writer, Hilferding remarkable clarity of presentation, sober look and elegance of language. The most intimate of his thought was to awaken consciousness of the Russian bschestve throughout the Slavs. Works Hilferding published in 4 volumes (St. Petersburg, 1868 - 1874.).; here it did not include some of his works and philological "The ancient history of the Slavs." "Onega epic," published in 1873 after his death.