Gerd (Alexander Y., 1841 - 1888) - the teacher, the son of an Englishman who came to Russia as a teacher belle-Lancaster school, which opened in a variety of we under Alexander I. He graduated from the course at St. Petersburg University in physics and mathematics faculty; engaged in Sunday schools, especially in the private free vasileostrovskoy school, the head of which was FF Rezener and through which passed some of the best teaching force at the time. At the close of this school Gerd from 1865 to 1871 was an educator and teacher of natural history in the 1st military school, and at one time even giving lessons in the Corps of Pages. Formed in 1870 in St. Petersburg Society of agricultural colonies and craftsmen shelters for correcting juvenile delinquents Gerd invited for the post of director of the colony, arranged for the powder factory, 8 miles from the banks of the Neva. Having traveled abroad to study device similar institutions in the West, Gerd enthusiastically indulged in this case, the basis of which he put no foreign organization, and personal influence director on involuntary colonists - and it is primarily required a heart attitude to corruption and, of course, incredulous pets. Tirelessly working as the manager of work and laborer, as a friend, mentor and Head of angry children, Gerd achieved brilliant results; but in December 1874 the circumstances forced him to leave the colony. In 1877, he took in his superintendence first-rate female school Princess Obolensky, and in 1879, when the institution was converted into a school of the Ministry of Education, Gerd was appointed chairman of the board of this school teacher. From 1878, he was still a teacher Tsarevich, Grand Dukes George and Mikhail Alexandrovich and Grand Duchess Xenia Alexandrovna. Since its inception the company to dostavaniya means higher for women (Bestuzhev) courses Gerd was a member of it, and in the last 6 years of his life was chairman of the committee of the society; Here his activity was expressed not only in the elimination of concerns about the financial difficulties of society, but also in the works for the correct formulation of the curriculum. On the women`s pedagogical courses Gerd for 10 years read natural sciences course, and the same time and in the courses frebelevskogo society. From 1880 to 1883 was an expert on teaching at St. Petersburg. city ??college commission. Gifted with rare abilities teaching, Gerd to your case treated with dedication and passionately. Moral height of his personality acted charmingly to all who came in contact with him, among other things, on the VM Garshina. Gerd Manuals are more common. For example, "Key minerals" survived three editions, "mineralogy textbook for urban schools" - 6 editions, "Guidelines for real schools of mineralogy" - 5 editions, "Short Course of Natural Science" - 5 editions. Large pedagogical interest of its "object lesson" (SPb., 1883). Edited by Gerda translated botanical part of the "Origin of Species," Darwin (St. Petersburg, 1867 -. 68) and II of the "Foundations of Biology" Spencer. The "Master" end of the 1860s Gerd informally edited the magazine. Wed, N. Ermolin, "Essay on the life AY Gerd" (SPb., 1889).