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Aleksandr Arbuzov

Picture of Aleksandr Arbuzov

Date of Birth: 08/30/1877

Age: 90

Citizenship: Russia

Background

Alexander Arbuzov Erminingeldovich (30.08 (11.09) .1877 - 01/22/1968) - Soviet organic chemist, academician of the USSR (1942, Corresponding Member of 1932), Hero of Socialist Labor (1957). Trainee AM Zaitsev. In 1900 he graduated from Kazan University in 1911-1930 professor there.

Since 1930 Professor of Kazan Chemical-Technological Institute. In 1945-1963 Chairman of the Kazan Branch of the USSR. In his master`s thesis "On the structure of phosphorous acid and its derivatives" (1905) Arbuzov established structure of this acid and its esters, and opened the regrouping of average ethers of the same acid, which received the name of the Arbuzov reaction, and is one of the most important methods of synthesis of phosphorus-organic compounds.

In his doctoral dissertation "On the catalysis phenomena in the transformation of some compounds of phosphorus" (1915) Arbuzov extended his presentation at fenilfosfinistyh esters and other acids, and also showed the unity of the forces that accelerate the isomerization catalytic processes, with the forces that affect the speed of conventional chemical reactions.

Views Arbuzov confirmed the modern theory of homogeneous catalysis. A number of papers devoted Arbuzov tautomerism dialkyl esters of phosphorous acid and the reactions of their metal derivatives. Exploring these connections, together with Arbuzov, BA Arbuzov, opened a new way to produce free radicals triarilmetilovogo series.

Arbuzov conducted research on the theory and tapping the expiration of the resin-resin from coniferous trees. Arbuzov established the presence of high pressure to 0.2-0.3 MN / m2 (2-3 kgf / cm2) in the resin ducts of these plants. He developed the technique of resin collection without loss of volatiles, which contributed to the rapid growth of the Soviet economy podsochnogo.

Arbuzov are valuable works on the history of chemistry, showing the contribution to science made by Russian chemists. The Supreme Soviet of the USSR 2-6-th convocation. USSR State Prize (1943, 1947). He was awarded five Orders of Lenin, Order of the Red Banner of Labor and medals.