Albrecht II of, Margrave Brandenburgksky (German Albrecht von Brandenburg, June 28, 1490, in Cologne, an der Spree (C & # 246;. Lln an der Spree) - September 24, 1545, Martinsburg Castle, near Mainz) - Archbishop of Magdeburg and Mainz, Elector archchancellor and the Holy Roman Empire, archbishopric and halbershtadtskogo administrator until the appointment of Cardinal Margrave of Brandenburg brand together with his elder brother Joachim. The multifaceted and controversial personality, a contemporary of Luther, the patron of Durer, Cranach, Grunewald, Baldunga, Albrecht of Brandenburg left a large mark on the history and art of Germany.
Albrecht was the second son and the youngest, the seventh child in a family of Elector John Cicero of Brandenburg and his wife Margaret of Saxony. Together with his brother in 1506, he founded the University of Frankfurt-on-Oder, where he also studied. In the same year he was elevated to the priesthood, and at age 23 became the archbishop of Magdeburg and administrator of the bishopric of Halberstadt. In 1514, promoted to the archbishops of Mainz and received the Electorate of Mainz (see., Prince-Bishop), and in 1518 became a cardinal, despite the fact that the Catholic Church is strictly forbidden to own several episcopal residence. Albrecht became the residence of the castle Moritzburg in Halle. Albrecht was in power from 1514 until his death in 1541
In 1517 Albrecht conducted by Pope Leo X announced the sale of indulgences. Half of the profits from it was transferred to Rome for the construction of the Cathedral of St. Peter and the other half went to pay off debt Fugger banking house, in which Albrecht borrowed money for the purchase of ecclesiastical dignity and pallium. Methods of propagation of indulgences, use an agent Albrecht, a Dominican monk, Johann Tetzel, Luther served as a reason for the promulgation of them his "95 Theses", which became the prologue of the Reformation. Despite the fact that Albrecht of Brandenburg patronized humanists and, for example, in 1515 he invited to his court in Halle Ulrich von Hutten, he was in the camp of the opponents of the Reformation. At first, Albert was trying to mediate and planned to spend a total reform of the Church on the church council. Even Martin Luther pinned great hopes on Albrecht, but eventually realized that a compromise will not work.
More in 1530 in Augsburg Albrecht called for the conclusion of peace and joint action in the fight against the Turks. In 1534, together with the Duke George of Saxony, he acted as mediator at the conclusion of an agreement between the Protestant princes and Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand I in Bohemian Kadan.
In exchange for the repayment of its debt Albrecht allowed his Protestant subjects in Magdeburg freedom of worship, but a few decades later was expelled them from the rebuilt for him Moritzburg Castle in Halle. In response to this Albrecht supported the emperor to use force against the protesters and methods in 1540, was the first of German Princes hosted the Jesuits in Mainz and at the Diet of Speyer in 1544 called for the adoption of an ambiguous decision regarding Protestants and concluded with the Catholic the princes of the preliminary agreement in the event of a future war.
There are various data on the beloved Albrecht of Brandenburg. Some researchers have attributed to Albrecht several different concubines. According to another version from the Albrecht family has consistently been almost constant relationship with Elizabeth, "Leis" Schutz and Agnes widow of Frankfurt Pless, nee Strauss. With Albrecht Leis have had a daughter named Anna, whom he married to his secretary Joachim Kirchner. His son named Anna Albrecht. Agnes Pless, a successful businesswoman, became predstoyatelnitsey Beguines monastery founded by Albrecht of Brandenburg in ashaffenburgskom schontal.
Albrecht made no secret of their relationship. Leis and other data some Redinger Ursula is depicted in several portraits by Cranach. On one of the pictures as a lover of Albrecht adulteress in the Gospel of John. Cardinal is depicted among the crowd, but unlike the others, intending to beat the sinner stones in his hands no stones. Two portraits by Cranach brush depict Albrecht and his companion in the form of St. Martin and St. Ursula.
Albrecht was the godfather of Moritz of Saxony, who was brought up at the residence of Albrecht in the castle Moritzburg.
Albrecht of Brandenburg was a worshiper of sciences and patron of the arts. It was he who in May 1529 had decided to merge and restructure the two existing churches on the market square in Halle Cathedral, and today is considered the hallmark of the city. For the interior decoration of the cathedral Albrecht commissioned Lucas Cranach write for five years, 16 altars, consisting of a total of 142 paintings. This order is considered to be the largest order in the history of German art. In addition, Albrecht ordered Matthias Grunewald altarpiece St. flap. Erasmus and St. Mauritius. Cardinal patronized and Hans Baldung. Orders Albrecht still determine the look of the city of Halle. These include the cemetery "Shtadtgottesaker