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Albertus Magnus

Picture of Albertus Magnus

Date of Birth: 1206

Age: 74

Place of birth: Lauingen

Citizenship: Germany

Background

Albert was born in the family of Count Bolshtedta (Bollst & # 228; dt) in Lauingen, Bavaria (Lauingen, Bavaria). He studied mainly in Padova (Padua) - this is where it, for example, had a chance to get acquainted with the works of Aristotle. According to Rudolf de Novamagiya (Rudolph de Novamagia), one day Albert was very Virgin Mary (Blessed Virgin Mary), to convince him to join one of the sacred orders.

In 1223-m (or, according to other sources, in 1221-m) Albert - despite the obvious disapproval of relatives - joined the Dominicans. For a while he studied theology, after which he began to teach - in Cologne (Cologne), Regensburg (Regensburg), Freiburg (Freiburg), Strasbourg (Strasbourg) and Hildesheim (Hildesheim). In 1254-m Albert went to Paris (Paris), has received a PhD there, and then returned to teaching - you know, the way that it was at this time under his own studied Thomas Aquinas (Thomas Aquinas).

It is known that Albert was the first author of the compilation of comments on almost all the known works of Aristotle - that made the works of the great Greek far more accessible to the broader scientific debate. Having dealt with Aristotle, Albert took up the study of the works of Muslim scholars - primarily, Avicenna (Avicenna) and Averroes (Averroes). At that time, Albert was rightly considered one of the greatest scientists of the time. Against the background of his colleagues allocated two advantages - first, he not only studied the works of others, but he is quite actively experimented; secondly, Albert borrowed from Aristotle`s views on scientific methodology in general.

Pretty Albert actively engaged in the systematization of existing knowledge; it is a systematic approach - coupled with an encyclopedic knowledge in many different areas - and helped him leave the truly impressive legacy.

In 1254-m Albert became provincial of the Dominican Order; his duties he performed with incredible care and diligence. It is known that Albert actively defended against the attacks of the order of a number of groups at the University of Paris (University of Paris) - mainly in a fairly lively scientific debate.

In 1260 th Pope Alexander IV (Alexander IV) did Albert Bishop of Regensburg; three years later, however, Albert left his post. Make the three years he had a lot of - well, the inhabitants of his episcopate highly respected Alberta for a categorical rejection of the movement of riding; on the possessions entrusted to him - very, among other things, an extensive - Albert moved exclusively on foot.

In the future, particularly vigorous activity did not lead Albert. He lived mostly in the homes of the Dominican Order; occasionally he went to preach - mainly in southern Germany (South Germany). Subsequently, Albert several times acted as an intermediary in all sorts of conflicts; so the inhabitants of Cologne remember him not only as the founder of the oldest university in Germany, but also as a person, put an end to the conflict between the citizens and the Archbishop.

Albertus Magnus died in Cologne on November 15th 1280 th; Cologne as a theologian was buried - in the local Dominican church.