Date of Birth: 03/02/1892
Weinstein, LVOVICH ALBERT (1892-1970) - Soviet economist and statistician, one of the founders of the Russian school of economic and mathematical analysis.
Albert Weinstein was born February 3, 1892 in the family doctor`s Jewish Hospital village Briceni Bessarabia. Soon his family moved to Moscow, where in 1910 after graduating from high school he entered the Moscow University in the Mathematics Department of Physics and Mathematics. After graduating from university in 1914 he studied at the economic department of the Moscow Commercial Institute, graduating in 1917.
After the Bolsheviks came to power Weinstein began working in Soviet institutions, in a short time became the head of the Economic Department of the Office of the agricultural economy and planned works Commissariat. During these years, he is actively engaged in scientific work as a staff member at the same time several Moscow institutes. The strongest influence on him had a collaboration with the conjunctural institutes, led by N.D.Kondratev, and created AV Chayanov Research Institute of agricultural economics and policy at the Timiryazev Academy. In the years of the NEP came his first monograph, the largest of which - Taxation and payment of the peasantry in the pre-war and revolutionary time (1924) and the evolution of the yield of cereals in Russia before the war and the prospects for its development in the future (1927).
The young economist-statistician gained a reputation as a highly qualified, professional but an apolitical. Because his views on the development of the Soviet economy were close to the views of Kondratyev and Chayanov, the repression against the "kondratevschiny" touched and Weinstein. In 1930 he was arrested in the case of "Labour Peasant Party howl" - the imaginary counterrevolutionary organization. Unlike Kondratyev, Chayanov, Yurovsky and a number of other prominent Soviet economists who have been convicted in the case, Weinstein was lucky to survive, but his scientific and personal fate have been very tragic.
After the trial, he was exiled to Alma-Ata, where he worked as a consultant to the State Planning Committee of Kazakhstan. In 1933, he, like many others previously convicted economists suddenly rehabilitated. Returning to Moscow, he began teaching mathematics and statistics in high schools, as well as to engage in applied research in scientific institutes People`s Commissariat of the food industry. However, it is still considered "unreliable." His son was forced to enroll in the university to write a written renunciation of his father, supposedly opposed the Soviet regime.
In July 1941 Albert Weinstein was arrested again and sentenced without trial for 8 years in the camps. After serving his term in the Karaganda region, in 1949, he was sent to a life settlement. Until 1957 Weinstein worked in enterprises and institutions of Karaganda, until the Supreme Court of the USSR is not overturned the verdict in his case for lack of evidence.
Although it has long been divorced from scientific life in Moscow, he quickly gained high scientific credibility. He was considered one of the few survivors "Mohicans" true science, the alien ideological bias. In retirement, he completed his major work - the monograph of national wealth and national economic accumulation of pre-revolutionary Russia (1960). Just when he was about 70 years old, he received the title of Doctor of Economics.
In the last decade of his life Weinstein his scientific activity did not decrease, but on the contrary, is gaining momentum. In the newly formed Central Economics and Mathematics Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences, where he worked since 1963, he became one of the leading theorists, along with LVKantorovich, V.S.Nemchinovym, V.V.Novozhilovym. Even in the 1960s the Soviet economist has been deprived of full freedom of scientific creativity. Since he could not criticize the official statements about the "unprecedented" pace of economic growth in the USSR, he had to deal mainly with methodological problems and economic history. Weinstein oversaw the translation of a number of foreign works on mathematical methods of economic analysis, the publication of which played a major role in enhancing the scientific culture of Soviet economists. His latest book, Prices and pricing in the USSR during the recovery period 1921-1928 gg. (1972), it was published posthumously.
Although scientific biography Weinstein was forcibly torn (1920 and 1960), and not too long, his scientific heritage is very large. By the end of his life he managed to write more than 40 books and brochures, more than 100 articles.
Throughout his life he worked mainly concerns macro-economic statistics, studying the long-term trends in income and prices. Abroad, similar studies, which are called cliometric (as part of the new economic history), have begun to actively develop only from the 1960s. Weinstein can be considered the founder of Russian cliometrics since it began to be widely used methods of economic-mathematical analysis of historical development before and independently of their Western counterparts. The economic-mathematical science of the West mathematical models of long-term changes, like Weinstein, began to actively use only since the 1960s.
The paradox of Weinstein`s biography is that although his life has turned out better off than many other repressed Soviet economists, its impact on the world economic science was relatively modest. The most fruitful creative work for years of his life had been lost to science, so he could not reach its full scientific potential.
Proceedings: The People`s national economic wealth and the accumulation of pre-revolutionary Russia. M .: Gosstatizdat, 1960; Selected works: in two books. Bk. 1. The Soviet economy: 20s. Bk. 2. The national wealth and the national income of the USSR and Russia. Moscow: Nauka, 2000 (the series "Monuments of Economic Thought").