Abraham Alfonse Albert Gallatin
Place of birth: Geneva
Citizenship: United States
Albert Gallatin was born to a Swiss aristocrat in Geneva in 1761. In 1779 he graduated from the University of Geneva, received several awards diplomas - diplomas mathematics, natural philosophy, and translation from Latin. Gallatin Family differed liberal views, and Albert completely separates them. But when Albert decided to emigrate to America, it met with resistance on the part of the family, and in April 1780 secretly left Geneva.
Gallatin managed to get into Harvard professor of French. In addition, he, through his friend de Savary Valkulona successfully sold land in Virginia.
Since 1787 Gallatin interested in politics. He was elected to the Constitutional Convention, then the Pennsylvania legislature. In 1793 he was elected to the US Senate, but its powers have not been confirmed on the basis that less than ten years from the date of their citizenship. Gallatin won the second election, which took place two years later. During his Senate career, Gallatin participated in all the important debates, but the main purpose of his continuous criticism was the Ministry of Finance activities.
When Thomas Jefferson became president, Gallatin was appointed Minister of Finance, a position he held continuously until 1813. His management of the Ministry of Finance has been extremely successful, and soon Gallatin earned a reputation of one of the greatest era financiers. Among other things, he managed to halve the public debt. After resigning as minister of Gallatin is sent to Europe to negotiate peace with England. He was among the signatories of the American peace treaty in 1814.
In February 1815 Gallatin became envoy in France. In 1823 he returned to the United States, but four years later once again travels to Europe, this time ambassador to Great Britain. In this position he has held several successful negotiations with the United Kingdom relating to violations of the terms of the peace treaty and the Convention on the joint occupation of Oregon. the new convention has been concluded on the issue of Oregon.
After returning to New York City Gallatin he led the bank and engaged in historical and ethnological research. Authorship Gallatin belong brochures on all important international and domestic US problems. He was a staunch opponent of the war with Mexico, and at least an ardent supporter of Oregon accession.
Since 1842 and until his death in 1851 was president of Gallatin United States Ethnological Society and the Historical Society of New York.