Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed
Abdullah Yusuf Ahmed (Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed) in the 1960s, was an officer in the Somali army, was educated in Italy and the USSR. It represents the Darod clan, one of the most influential in Somalia. In 1969, Abdullah refused to participate in a military coup, Mohamed Siad Barre (Mohamed Siad Barre) and was imprisoned. He was released in 1975. In 1978, together with a group of tribal leaders, Abdullah made an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow the regime of Siad Barre. In response to massive retaliation were held, during which many representatives Abdullah clan were killed or deported. Abdullah himself was forced to flee to Kenya (according to other sources - in Ethiopia), where he led the Democratic Front rescue Somalia. This organization, which included the armed forces of the Somali clans waged against the regime of Siad Barre guerrilla war with the support of the Ethiopian authorities. Because of Ethiopia`s Somali claims on territory of the Allies disagreed, and in 1985 in Addis Ababa, Abdullah was imprisoned. He was released after the pro-Soviet Government of Ethiopia in the fall of 1991 and again began to enjoy the support of the Ethiopian authorities.
In 1991, the Barre regime fell and the country was plunged into civil war. Abdullah in 1990 returned to his native Somali region of Puntland, where he became the most influential leader. In 1998, Abdullah declared autonomous state of Puntland. He established a post of the president and the Council of Elders - a governing body such as the Parliament. The elders of Puntland President Abdullah chose a three-year term. The self-proclaimed state was established authoritarian regime: political parties were banned and many opponents Abdullah were repressed. Abdullah entered proefiopskuyu coalition of warlords, which in 2000 opposed the establishment of the Transitional National Government of Somalia and prevent the restoration of order in the country. In 2001, the new president of Puntland was elected to another local leader, Jama Ali Jama (Jama Ali Jama), but Abdullah has refused to recognize the new leadership, saying such a decision the need to fight against terrorism. In 2002 he returned to power - according to some sources, thanks to the support of Ethiopia.
In October 2004, the Somali parliament elected Abdullah president. He was to lead the transitional administration of the country within five years. In his inaugural speech, he called on all his opponents to reconciliation and mutual forgiveness. Himself he called "a man of peace." By the time of accession of Abdullah for the presidency on the item, after 13 years of civil war, Somalia was in a deplorable state. According to UN estimates, billions of dollars needed to rebuild the country. It is significant that the inauguration Abdullah held not in Somalia, and in a secure environment - in the Kenyan capital Nairobi, where previously there was a process mirnogouregulirovaniya Somali crisis.
The violence has not stopped in the country, and in September 2006, militants of the Islamic Courts of Somalia Council (SICC), hostile to the central government groups, which accused the US of having links with the terrorist network "Al-Qaeda", made an attempt on the president. A car bomb hit a motorcade Abdullah, he survived, but his brother and several bodyguards were killed. By that time, Islamic militants controlled much of the country. In December 2006, the situation in Ethiopia intervened openly supporting the interim government Abdullah. On 24 December 2006, Ethiopian forces carried out air strikes on the regions controlled by SICC. By early 2007, the joint efforts of the Somali government troops and Ethiopian forces Islamists have lost most of their positions, and the administration of Abdullah has established control over the country`s capital - Mogadishu. January 8, 2007 the US intervened in the conflict: with the approval they Abdullah attacked suspected militant positions associated with "Al-Qaeda" in southern Somalia. The new attacks were made on January 10.
The victory over the Council of Islamic Courts of Somalia has not led to a turning point in the civil war, plunging the country into more chaos: the place of the Council of Islamic Courts have taken a small armed units of Islamists who successfully repulsed the attacks of the government and Ethiopian troops. March 29, 2008 Islamists attacked the residence of Abdullah: 6 civilians killed, but Abdullah was injured. In the coastal waters of Somalia has intensified the activities of Somali pirates: the peak it reached in the fall of 2008, when they were seized Ukrainian ship "Faina" on board were transported tanks, rocket launchers and anti-aircraft guns. Then the United States, Russia and some EU countries were sent to the region its warships in order to ensure the safety of passing ships.
Two years of fighting in Somalia have killed more than 16 thousand people among the civilian population and stopped only in November 2008, after a transitional administration reached a temporary agreement with the moderate Islamists in exchange for a promise to include them in the new parliament of the country. However, after Abdullah sacked Prime Minister Nur Hassan Hussein (Nur Hassan Hussein), accusing him of corruption, mismanagement and betrayal of the country, Islamists have declared that interrupt the negotiations with the interim government. This decision also angered by the Parliament of Somalia, which has initiated the process of impeachment of Abdullah.
December 29, 2008, Abdullah announced his resignation, saying he would not cope with the promise to return to peace, stability and democracy. According to experts, the decision to resign would be taken under US pressure Abdullah.
Abdullah is married and has four children. In 1990 he suffered a liver transplant.