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Abdul Gaffar-han

Picture of Abdul Gaffar-han

Date of Birth: 06/02/1890

Age: 97

Place of birth: Hashtnagar

Background

Ghaffar Khan was born in 1890 near Peshawar. His father, Behram Khan, was the leader of the Pashtun tribe muhammadzaev. Ghaffar was the second son of Behram, who attended an English school, which was unusual for that time. In the tenth year of training, he was offered a very prestigious position in the elite division of the Pashtun soldiers in the British Indian Army. Ghaffar refused, since he saw that the Pashtuns, even if they are high-ranking officials, were still second-class citizens in their own country. He wanted to continue university education, his teacher encouraged him to follow his brother, Khan Sahib, and study in London. He received permission from his father, but Ghaffar`s mother did not want to give one more son in London, as the mullahs warned her that there he will come off on their own culture and religii.Smirivshis with the inability to continue their own education, Ghaffar began to think about aid others. He did svoeytselyu education of illiterate and uneducated Pashtuns. When he was 20 years old, Ghaffar opened his first school in Utmanzai. It was an instant success, and he soon became a home among progressive-minded reformers. Despite the fact that he is faced with many difficulties, Ghaffar Khan worked tirelessly. Between 1915 and 1918 he visited each of the 500 districts of the province. It is for this selfless work he was called Badhash Khan, that is, this time Khan hanov.K Ghaffar Khan was able to articulate his goal as creating an enlightened, unified, independent, secular India. To achieve this, he headed the new mass organization "Pahtun Jirga" ( "Pashtun League") in 1926, and in November 1929 created a volunteer corps "Khudai Hidmatgaran" ( "Servants of God"). "Khudai Hidmatgaran" nonviolent army was professional, based on military discipline and belief in non-violence, a form of active non-violence, as is stated in the text of the oath. Ghaffar Khan urged his people to return British medals, refuse to visit the British universities and serve in the British courts. He was impressed by the idea that whenever British troops faced armed rebellion, they ultimately always defeated the rebels. But this is not true of those who have used against the forces of non-violence. He said Abdul Ghaffar Khan scored his first volunteers from among young people who have graduated from his school. Activists of the "Khudai Hidmatgaran" painted their shirts in red and brown, and so they were called "Red Shirts." Of the volunteers who took the oath formed platoons led by the officers, and learned the basics of military discipline. Volunteers had their own flags: red in the beginning, and later - the tricolor, bagpipes and drums. Men wore red uniforms, and women - black. They have been training, insignia and the entire hierarchy of military ranks. Khan Abdul Ghaffar created committees network "Dzhirgas" created by the type of traditional tribal councils. Villages were grouped into larger groups, appropriate district committees. "Dzhirgas" province was the supreme authority. The officials were not elected as Khan Abdul Ghaffar wanted to avoid competition between them. He was appointed commander in chief, who in turn appointed officers who served under him. The army was completely voluntary and was formed mainly of peasants, artisans and young people. The organization brought together more than 100 000 members. Volunteers went to the village and opened schools, assisted in the organization of public works, and collecting sredstv.Pod influence of Abdul Ghaffar Khan the movement advocated non-violent protests and all they found justification in Islam. Abdul Ghaffar Khan did not believe that Islam and nonviolence compatible. Despite this, the movement was peculiar to respect all religions. When Hindus and Sikhs were attacked in Peshawar, members of the "Khudai Hidmatgaran" helped protect their lives.